What is Kratom?
Mitragyna Speciosa, also known as Kratom, is a large tree in the Rubiaceae family native to Southeast Asia in the Indochina and Malesia floristic regions. It was first documented by Pieter Korthals, a Dutch colonial botanist. The leaf of the tree contains mirtragynine and was traditionally used for its ethnobotanical and medicinal properties. The leaves of kratom have been used by the indigenous people as a stimulant in low doses, a sedative in large doses, an anti-diarrheal and pain killer. It is said that Kratom affects the human brain similarly to an opiate although there is no conclusive clinical data proving how the alkaloids works in relation to the human brain.
Kratom contains more than 25 alkaloids including mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. These alkaloids act as mu-opioid receptor antagonist. The three most abundant indoles are mitragynine (9-methoxy-corynantheidine) which is responsible for 1/2 of the alkaloid content, paynanthine, and speciogynine. The two most abundant oxindoles are mitraphylline and speciofoline. Other alkaloids present include ajmalicine, corynanthedine, mitraversine, rhychophylline, and stipulatine. Mitragynine is believed, but has not been proven to be, the primary active alkaloid in Mitragyna Speciosa.
Is Kratom Legal?
In short, yes in most states. In most states, Kratom is legal to buy, sell and consume and most require the consumer to be 18. Be prepared to show an I.D. if visiting a brick and mortar store. Some states have outright banned Kratom but there are some states that have partial bans or some type of legality attached to it. The following states have banned Kratom or specific alkaloids found within Kratom.
Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Vermont. Additionally, Sarasota, Florida and San Diego County, California have banned Kratom as well as Washington, D.C.
Illinois – Legal for adults except for Jerseyville, banned in April 2017. On 10/3/17 HB4106 was introduced to amend the 18 and over law to make kratom possession a Class B misdemeanor. (HB 5526) during the 2014 legislative session make the sale of Kratom to minors under 18 of age banned. The bill is currently in Rules Committee with no hearing date and our lobbyist is watching closely.
Mississippi – is legal as of now but is pending legislation to ban Kratom. Efforts are being made by lobbyists and citizens to stop this bill from passing.
New York – Must be an adult (18+) to purchase. Numerous bills have been introduced over the past few years. Bill A6924 is for prohibiting use by minors. However, bill A6345 bans the sale and distribution of Kratom.
If you are unsure of your states current legal status on Kratom, please check with your local government agency.
Ways to use Kratom
Kratom can be used numerous ways. These include:
- Steeped as tea
- Toss and Wash (straight powder form)
- Mixed in any juice or beverage of choice such as chocolate milk, orange juice, grapefruit juice, coffee, etc.
How can it help you?
Kratom has powerful botanical properties that have been known to help with the following ailments and illnesses:
- Opiate withdrawal symptoms
- Sleep, RLS
- Focus, mental clarity
- Sexual impotence
- High blood pressure
- And more!
Is Kratom safe?
When taken by itself (not mixing it with other substances), the greatest risk when taking Kratom may be falling asleep while engaged in hazardous activities. Like any other substance that may be mind-altering or affect your cognitive abilities, do not drive or operate heavy machinery while under the influence of Kratom. Due to the lack of studies, pregnant women and/or breastfeeding women should refrain from use of Kratom and seek medical advice from their physician.